Researchers believe that Europa contains a global salt water ocean under its crust.
This discovery all but confirms Europa should be considered a high-priority peer of another "ocean world" in the outer solar system, namely Saturn's moon Enceladus, which also sports an even more dramatic plume.
New research offers additional evidence of plumes emanating from Europa's subsurface ocean.
To make sense of those measurements and ensure they were not merely due to background fluctuations produced by Jupiter itself, Jia and his team compared them with computer simulations of how a plume would affect the plasma and magnetic field around Europa along the path Galileo took. The astronomers later found that during the said close flyby, Galileo'smagnetometer and plasma wave spectrometer were able to measure significant changes.
So scientists instead returned to Galileo, which on 16 December 1997 made its closest approach to Europa, flying only 400 kilometers above its surface.
An artist's illustration of a plume of water vapour from Jupiter's moon Europa.
A new study reveals evidence that Jupiter's icy moon Europa is sending plumes of water into space. Mike Brown, a planetary scientist at the California Institute of Technology, said in a tweet he is a "big Europa fan", but "so far, all of the evidence for plumes on Europa has been hopeful, rather than truly convincing". The problem is, landing a spacecraft on Europa and drilling through the mile or more of ice on its surface is an expensive and technologically challenging feat.
NASA will get a close-up look from a new spacecraft during its Europa Clipper mission that could launch as soon as June 2022, providing a possible opportunity to sample plumes for signs of life, perhaps microbial, from its ocean. By and large, those model predictions matched their observations, ruling out Jupiter as the source and strengthening the case for watery plumes erupting from Europa's depths.
According to a study published today in the journal Nature Astronomy, the Galileo spacecraft detected what seems to be a massive water plume shooting out into space from Europa during one of its 11 flybys of Jupiter's moon conducted between 1995 and 2003. That makes it one of the most enticing worlds in our solar system where life could be hiding.
"We saw very peculiar changes in the magnetic signal, something I don't think has been explained in the past", team member Xianzhe Jia from the University of MI tellsNadia Drake at National Geographic. This would let the scientists search molecules, which could be capable of supporting the formation of life there.
This literal "hotspot" where the plumes happen shows the warmest temperatures on the planet that is otherwise minus 279 degrees Fahrenheit.
But the sensitivity of telescopic data is limited, and more was needed to be sure that these were really plumes, the researchers said.
"That's the moment where we realized that we might have something in the old Galileo data that we never paid much attention to", Jia says.
"If plumes exist, and we can directly sample what's coming from the interior of Europa, then we can more easily get at whether Europa has the ingredients for life", he said in a statement.
Going by the data provided by the Election Commission, there are 70 urban and 154 rural seats in Karnataka. Votes will be counted on Monday and exit polls and other surveys have often been wrong in India.
She was allegedly found dead at her family home following what police described to Deseret News as a " very violent attack". Bagshaw's mother, who remains unidentified, immediately called a neighbor to check in on the teenager.
In addition, the Indian e-commerce operator could tap the latter's supply chain and know-how to penetrate the grocery market. The deal between Flipkart and Walmart is in offing since September 2016, when the two sides had first initiated talks.
Shortly after the hearing adjourned, Manchin, a member of the Senate Intelligence Committee, declared his support for Haspel. Senate Majority Whip John Cornyn, R-Texas, told Fox News this week that he expected Haspel to be confirmed "handily".
Bullying SRH's bowlers on a relatively slow pitch, Pant took the attack to Hyderabad's fabled bowling line-up. Pant, who now has 582 runs, bettered Gautam Gambhir's long-standing record for most runs in a single edition.
However, Wednesday's demonstration reflected public anger in Iran after Trump's decision. "They have no shame", he said. Khamenei described Trump's speech Tuesday night as having "over 10 lies", without elaborating.
The latest letter comes as Beijing's worsening trade spat with the USA heightens tensions between the two economic giants. The White House's sharp criticism follows contentious trade talks between senior U.S. and Chinese officials last week.
Chaudhry said that at least one man had been arrested at the scene of the attack, adding that investigations were ongoing. Moreover, police also claimed to have arrested two aides of the suspect who were involved in facilitating the attacker.
In February, she called on adults to promote the values of "encouragement, kindness, compassion and respect" online. She has a smaller staff than her predecessors and only hired her policy director in January of this year.
He said the USA "is there to help the Palestinians" and "there is no basis" to think the embassy move will work against peace. But Netanyahu insisted the embassy move is "the right thing to do" and ordered other countries to follow suit.
But a five-stroke lead is a five-stroke lead, and you can burn yourself up in a hurry trying to chase around this place. And while it has an all-star roster of champions, equally impressive is the list of players who haven't won.
In his earlier statement on social media, Najib said he was committed to "facilitating a smooth transfer of power". They were used to buy support for (former prime minister) Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak.
Faria has been No. 2 to Mourinho at Leiria, Porto, Chelsea (twice), Inter Milan, Real Madrid and United. Javi Garcia has led them to safety, but his spell at the club has been underwhelming, to say the least.
He's suspected of committing at least a dozen murders and more than 50 rapes across California in the 1970s and '80s. They then reportedly obtained a discarded sample of DeAngelo's DNA, which matched the suspect DNA.
The two sides also signed on Wednesday a series of memorandum on service trade and third-party market cooperation among others. In addition, Li was granted a meeting with Japanese Emperor Akihito, a rare friendly gesture from Japan.
President Trump pointed to the reformation of the Drug Discount Program for safety net hospitals as one step in that direction. Some in the pharmaceutical industry are concerned the proposals may end up restricting consumer access to certain treatments.
One source exclusively told Page Six , "Don Jr. and Kimberly are seeing each other, and are having a great time". Guilfoyle ultimately did not land the press secretary job, reportedly due in part to her contract with Fox.
Earlier in May, Taliban fighters attacked Afghan bases in the province, killing more than 40 police officers and servicemen. But the defence ministry said the army had repulsed the attack, and "the security forces are now chasing the enemy".
Crawford addressed the complaints in a lengthy Tweet, but Fox and Warner Bros TV were already on the hunt for a replacement. " 'Lethal Weapon' is packed with action, drama and pure fun and we can't wait to see Damon and Seann together on screen".
Daniel Ricciardo was fifth in the second Red Bull; Magnussen in the Haas in sixth; Renault's Carlos Sainz in seventh. Hamilton later added: "Today I felt a synergy with the vehicle that I hadn't been feeling all year".
The transaction was disclosed in a filing with the Securities & Exchange Commission, which is available at the SEC website . In related news, Director Persis Drell sold 5,141 shares of the business's stock in a transaction on Wednesday, March 28th.
The win ended the Warriors' 14-game road winning streak and ensured that the Rockets would close out the season series 2-1. Instead it was the wily veteran, who gave us glimpses of the Paul we fell in love with early in his career in New Orleans.
For two decades, Weinstein had been an omnipresent figure at the festival, where several of his alleged sex crimes took place. This year, of the 21 films up for the gong, three are directed by women: Alice Rohrwacher, Nadine Labaki and Eva Husson.
New Google Lens features will be implemented on devices from 11 Android OEMs, including the LG G7 ThinQ , in just weeks. The mission for Google Maps for the past several years has been to help people get around in their environments.
Cleveland Cavaliers general manager Koby Altman met with Rodney Hood on Tuesday morning to give him a chance to explain himself. Hood was the only player not to play in Game 4, though the Cavs do not view what he did as an act of defiance, a source said.
On 23 April, Naidu rejected the Congress-led opposition parties' notice to remove the CJI saying it lacked substantial merit. Justices AK Sikri, SA Bobde, NV Ramana, Arun Mishra and AK Goel of the Constitution bench will hear the petition on Tuesday.