E-cigarette users are inhaling significant amounts of lead and other toxic metals linked to heart and brain damage with each puff on their devices, a new study warns.
"It's important for the FDA, e-cigarette companies and vapers themselves to know that these heating coils, as now made, seem to be leaking toxic metals - which then get into the aerosols that vapers inhale", senior study author Ana Maria Rule of the Bloomberg School said, according to USA Today.
The study's authors tested three elements of the e-cigs: the liquid itself, the liquid inside of the vape pen's chamber, and the aerosol (or vapor). Most important, the scientists showed that the metal contamination carried over to the aerosols produced by heating the e-liquids.
Vaping is becoming increasingly popular with young adults.
For this study Ana and her team tested the e-cigarettes of 56 users for 15 different metals.
According to various media reports, the Union Health Ministry had recently ruled out acceptability of e-cigarettes in the light of research findings by experts who concluded that they have cancer-causing properties, are highly addictive, and do not offer a safer alternative to tobacco-based smoking products.
"[While] using e-cigarettes instead of conventional cigarettes may result in less exposure to cadmium", the researchers said, they do not protect users from "other hazardous metals found in tobacco".
Nearly half of the aerosol samples had lead concentrations higher than limits set out by the Environmental Protection Agency.
"These were median levels only".
The study, published Wednesday in the scientific journal Environmental Health Perspectives by researchers from Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of Public Health, sampled 56 vape devices.
"...These heating coils, as now made, seem to be leaking toxic metals, which then get into the aerosols that vapers inhale..." They are probably the sources of metal contamination, although the source of the lead remains a mystery.
Typically, e-liquid in the dispensers has an insignificant amount of metal in it. "We don't know yet whether metals are chemically leaching from the coil or vaporizing when it's heated", Rule says. However, liquids in the e-cigarette tanks and aerosols contained higher levels.
"Many smokers choose to quit smoking without the assistance of a clinician and some opt to use e-cigarettes to accomplish this goal", the organization mentioned.
A study from Yale Cancer Center found that the nicotine in e-cigarettes, in and of itself, can cause cancer by damaging DNA. And study author Dr. Ana María Rule sees a comparable risk in terms of metal exposure between e-cigs and cigarettes.
Additionally, the scientists found that there were no significant diet-insulin or diet-genotype interactions. The people who lost the most weight said it wasn't so much what they ate, as how they thought about food.
Warning China, Trump said Beijing has decimated the American steel and aluminium industry and he is "considering all options". China is by far the largest producer and exporter of steel, and the largest source of excess steel capacity.
First introduced in Europe back in 2010 before it came to America in 2014, the Swedish station wagon is overdue an update. For the first time, City Safety includes a feature which enables automatic braking to mitigate an oncoming collision.
US President Donald Trump stands with National Rifle Association Executive Vice President Wayne LaPierre, R, and Chris W. They were equipped with cameras, SIM cards, drop phones and, if needed, "evacuation scenarios", the indictment says.
Flooding emergency services with false alerts can take away focus from real problems that are on going. To access it, users hold down the side button and one of the volume buttons for an extended period.
According to Andrew Marchand of the New York Post , a source said ESPN is willing to "back up the truck' for the five-time MVP". Prior to last season, FOX reached out to Manning with the idea of either an in-studio or booth job on the table.
Caused by viruses, flu is a contagious respiratory illness with mild to severe symptoms that can sometimes lead to death. Gottlieb said scientists at the FDA, CDC and National Institutes of Health are trying to understand why.
He also announced the creation of a new store for Superhosts, which would give them exclusive pricing on smart home devices. Later this year, Airbnb will unveil a new guest membership program offering benefits across the entire trip.
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Twitter has cracked down on other violations of its terms of service, including fake accounts by people inflating their following. But conservative users and Trump supporters say Twitter deploys a double standard, unfairly singling out voices on the right.
On Wednesday, eight members of the powerful and wealthy Gupta family were arrested and accused of fraud and money laundering. New President Cyril Ramaphosa (center) said he would concentrate on creating jobs and attracting investment.
The doctors said that the tumor resulted in Pal losing his eyesight but hoped that he would regain his vision now. In addition to cutting away the growth, doctors had to remove skull bone that had moved into the brain. .
Mr Romney, 70, will be the heavy favourite for the Senate seat being opened by senator Orrin Hatch's retirement. The path to victory is expected to be a clear one for Romney, who is considered a sure bet to replace Hatch.
Trump has repeatedly denied all allegations. "I lost friends, clients - that donation helped me to survive", Harth said. In the article , Crooks doesn't say it happened in the lobby of Trump Tower, but outside her company's offices.
Somehow the Galaxy Note 8 cost the same on contract as the S8 Plus past year , but we're expecting a small uplift for the S9 Plus. The latest leaks bring the official promotional renders as well as pricing for some European countries.
James was complimentary of Los Angeles as a host city all weekend, a fact that is not likely lost on Lakers fans. When asked, again, who he would pick for his All-Star team, Antetokounmpo said, "I would pick LeBron ".
Now this year, Samsung is taking it a step further with the new " PM1643 ", a 30TB SSD built on the latest 512Gb V-NAND. Sequential read and write speeds of up to 2100 MBPS and 1700 MBPS respectively were recorded in tests done by Samsung.
Later, IDF and Gaza officials reported a series of Israeli airstrikes against terror training sites and tunnels. According to reports in Gaza, shots were fired at a Hamas compound east of the southern city of Khan Yunis.
SC ran down the shot clock, and with one second left Silva muscled in a basket, drawing a foul. "They disrupted our timing". SC rallied after falling behind by 14 points with 10:01 left in regulation. "Now we're down to eight scholarship guys".
Kent Assistant Police Chief Rafael Padilla said authorities walked the entire Highline College campus and did not find anything. School officials ended the lockdown just before noon after being told by law enforcement that the situation was "all clear".