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Pollution killed 9 million people in 2015

Pollution killed 9 million people in 2015

This balance sheet represents "three times more deaths than Aids, tuberculosis and malaria combined, and 15 times more than those caused by wars and all other forms of violence", noted the authors. It is also one-and-a-half times higher than the number of people killed by smoking and over six times the number of people dying in road accidents.

"Up until now the pollution control agenda has been very fragmented", he explained, with some studies "on air pollution, some on water, some on chemicals". In fact, 92% of pollution-related deaths were reported in low- and middle-income countries, and in rapidly industrialising nations such as India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Madagascar and Kenya, the study said.

Experts say the huge population of countries like India and China and the fact that these are developing economies should also be kept in mind while analysing these statistics.

Professor Sly, who is Director of the Children's Health and Environment Program, said pollution is not widely recognised as a health problem in Australia, but there is a body of research which suggests that it is.

Philip Landrigan, dean of global health at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, and the lead author of the report, told HuffPost the study is the first and most comprehensive of its kind.




"There's been a lot of study of pollution, but it has never received the resources or level of attention as, say, Aids or climate change", Landrigan said. The Lancet Commission on pollution and health focuses on how it has been neglected by the Governments and global development agenda despite the urgency. The young are not being given a chance to grow normally and without danger to their lungs and this can not be wished away by quibbling over how many deaths are caused by pollution and at what cost to the economy. Contaminated water caused 1.8 million people that year to die, and according to the report is the second largest contributor to premature deaths.

A study just released has concluded that air, water and other types of pollution in India is so bad it may have killed more than 2.5 million people in 2015.

Pollution, the report said, was also "costly", costing some Dollars 4.6 trillion in annual losses - or about 6.2 per cent of the global economy.

The Lancet study has also arrived at a financial cost from pollution-related deaths, saying it totalled some $4.6 trillion, which is about 6.2% of the global economy.

"Pollution-related diseases cause productivity losses that reduce gross domestic product (GDP) in low-income to middle-income countries by up to 2 per cent each year". The report states that the economic cost will rise as the association between pollution and disease becomes clearer and more robust.

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